Ester 1 (NBV)

Ester 1 (NBV) : A Deep Dive into the First Chapter

Ester 1 (NBV) is the first chapter of the famous biblical book Ester. This chapter sets the stage for the rest of the story, introducing the main characters and themes. In this article, we will dive deep into Ester 1, exploring the details of the chapter and discussing its significance.

Introduction: Ester 1 – The Story Begins

Ester 1 introduces us to King Ahasuerus, also known as Xerxes, who ruled over Persia from 485-465 BC. The chapter begins with a description of a lavish feast thrown by the king in his palace in Susa. The feast lasted for 180 days, and all the nobles and officials of the empire were invited.

As the feast neared its end, the king threw a separate banquet for all the men in the palace. Meanwhile, Queen Vashti hosted a banquet for the women in another part of the palace. On the seventh day of the feast, King Ahasuerus, who had been drinking heavily, ordered his servants to bring Queen Vashti to him so that he could show off her beauty to his guests.

Queen Vashti refused to comply with the king’s request, sparking a controversy that would lead to her eventual removal as queen. The chapter ends with the king issuing a decree stating that all women should respect their husbands, fearing that Vashti’s refusal would set a bad example for other women in the empire.

Key Themes in Ester 1

Ester 1 introduces several key themes that are developed throughout the rest of the book. One of the most prominent themes is the struggle for power and influence in the Persian court. The feast thrown by King Ahasuerus was not just a celebration of his wealth and power, but also an opportunity for the nobles and officials to vie for positions of influence in the court. We see this in the way that the king’s advisors encourage him to remove Queen Vashti so that he can find a new queen who will be more obedient and subservient to him.

Another theme that emerges in Ester 1 is the tension between gender roles and expectations. Queen Vashti’s refusal to obey the king’s command is seen as a threat to the traditional order of things, where men are in positions of power and women are expected to be subservient to them. This tension is further developed in the later chapters of the book, where we see Ester, a woman, playing a key role in the salvation of her people.

The Significance of Ester 1

Ester 1 sets the stage for the rest of the book, introducing the main characters and themes that will be developed throughout the story. It also establishes the historical and cultural context of the Persian empire, giving readers a sense of the opulence and extravagance of the court.

The chapter also serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of power and excess. King Ahasuerus, in his desire to show off his wealth and power, becomes drunk and foolish, making decisions that will have far-reaching consequences for himself and his people.


1. What does the name Ester mean?
Ester is a Hebrew name that means “star”.

2. Who was Queen Vashti?
Queen Vashti was the first wife of King Ahasuerus, who was removed from her position as queen after she refused to obey the king’s command.

3. Who was Ester?
Ester was a Jewish woman who became queen of Persia and played a key role in the salvation of her people.

4. What is the significance of Ester in Jewish history?
The story of Ester is celebrated during the Jewish holiday of Purim, which commemorates the salvation of the Jewish people from genocide in Persia.

5. What can we learn from the story of Ester?
The story of Ester teaches us about the importance of courage, faith, and standing up for what is right, even in the face of great danger.


Ester 1 (NBV) is a fascinating chapter that sets the stage for the rest of the biblical book Ester. Through its vivid descriptions of the Persian court and its characters, the chapter introduces key themes that are developed throughout the story, such as the struggle for power, gender roles and expectations, and the dangers of excess and pride. As readers delve into the rest of the book, they will see how these themes play out and how the story of Ester continues to be relevant today.